The conditions of the soil, the altitude of more than 1000 meters and the climate of Morro do Chapéu are factors that contribute to the planting of the apple.
OVERVIEW OF THE SECTOR
Agribusiness in the state of Bahia has been growing and consolidating as one of the most promising sectors of great economic and social importance. In agriculture, the state is the largest grain producer in the Northeast Region in soybean, corn cotton crops. With a production of 8.6 million tons of grain in 2017, the Bahian harvest grew by 41.1% in relation to the previous harvest, according to estimates from Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab), ranking 8th in the national ranking of grain producing states.
The national leader in the production of banana, coconut, mango, papaya and passion fruit, Bahia is the third largest producer of watermelon and lemon, also prominent in the production of grapes, cocoa, coffee, beans. In addition, it is the 2nd largest domestic fruit producer and the 3rd largest exporter.
In the list of agribusiness exports Bahia participates with 13% of the total exported by Brazil occupying the 8th place. Leading the volume of Bahian exports is the complex soybean (39.6%), flowers (32.4%), followed by fiber products (9.5%), cocoa and its derivatives (6.8%) and fruits ( 4.0%).
As the second largest cotton producer in Brazil, the state of Bahia offers investors advantages that transform the potential of Bahia cotton production into a good opportunity. The crop occupies approximately 270 thousand hectares of the western region of the state, the main producer pole, which meets all conditions favorable to cultivation with competitiveness and high quality. The region has a large extension of flat lands, which facilitates crop cultivation and mechanization, a well defined climate, intense light, and good infrastructure of roads and logistics.
Bahia’s soybean production is concentrated in the West, a region in continuous economic growth, which is the main engine of development in agribusiness, especially in the grain segment. Soybeans play the role of the main driver of regional agribusiness dynamics, since it was the first crop to stand out and consolidate itself as the most important in the region. It is estimated that in the next twenty-five years the area occupied by soybeans will reach 3.2 million hectares and a production of about 14.5 million tons.
A temperate climate fruit is being produced in the semi-arid Bahia state in the municipalities of Morro do Chapéu, Chapada Diamantina. Apples, pears, plums, grapes and peaches are developed experimentally in the Viticulture and Temperate Fruits Observation Unit – created in 2010, through agreements between the Bahia State Department of Agriculture (Seagri) and the Association of Breeders and Producers of the Morro do Chapéu Region, in partnership with the City Hall.
The first harvest of apples occurred in 2015 when seedlings of four varieties of apples were planted a year ago. The fruit observatory is a pioneer in the region. The conditions of the soil, the altitude of more than 1000 meters and the climate of Morro do Chapéu are factors that contribute to the planting. The climatic condition for apple production favors the cultivation, since the thermal amplitude is very good. The maximum and minimum temperature that occurs during the day has a very large variation, which is of great importance to achieve the coloring of the fruit that the market demands.
The planting of the apple brought a new investment opportunity for the region as an economic and social alternative, given the need to increase other crops.
Bahia is the largest producer of maize from the North-Northeast and, in the national ranking, it ranks 9th. About 90 to 95% of the corn produced in the West region is traded in Bahia and other Northeastern states. In general, 35% of the production is destined for the poultry market of Bahia and the rest of the production is exported to other northeastern states, mainly to Pernambuco, Ceará and Sergipe, for the production of feed and consumption.
The corn produced in the West of Bahia has a facilitated flow, since the region is the next one of the consumer market of the Northeast, being located 900 Km from the Port of Aratu in Salvador and 1,050 Km from the Port of Ilhéus. With a production of 2.0 million tons in the 2016/2017 harvest, which corresponds to a growth of 28.7% in relation to the last harvest, maize has been increasing its productivity every year.
In coffee production we are a benchmark in quality and prominence in international awards. In addition, Bahia is the 4th largest producer in Brazil, recording a production of around 3.4 million in 2017, which corresponds to an increase of 60.4% over last year. The main municipalities producing coffee in the state are Vitória da Conquista, Piatã, Mucugê, Ibicoara, Barra do Choça and Poções.
Brazil’s largest cocoa producer, the state is responsible for 60% of the national production with a harvest of 141,100 tons and with great potential for export. The state is experiencing a moment of resumption of production, with research aimed at the production of seedlings resistant to the witch-broom (cacao pest), and invests more and more in quality of the almonds, raw material that has attracted chocolate from Europe.
In the production of gourmet chocolate, Bahia has developed an important pole of production, with the support of the state government, for the insertion of the producers in the international market. Among the great international highlights of this Bahian production are the brands Amma, Mendoá, ChOr – Chocolate of Origin, Amado Cacau, Fazenda Sagarana, Maltez, Costa Negro among others.
Bahia is the largest national producer of castor oil – one of the raw materials for biodiesel and castor oil. In the 2016-2017 harvest, production was 12.8 thousand tons in an area of 21 thousand hectares. The productivity is 610 kg / ha.
In livestock, the state leads the production of goats, pigs and mules, being recognized as an exporter of bovine, caprine and poultry meat. Livestock and dairy farming are also among the major agribusiness investments.
The Bahia cattle sector has a herd of 11,000,000 head – the 8th largest herd in Brazil, and the largest herd in the Northeast. The state of Bahia received the Certification of Free Zone of Foot-and-Mouth Disease, allowing accessibility to important national and international markets.
With 5,835,899 head (goat-sheep), the state is the largest goat producer in Brazil, being a strong economic alternative for the development of the semi-arid region. The State Government created the Pró-Berro Program, whose objective is to improve the herd genetically, through fiscal incentives, with financing of breeding herds of high genetic strain at reasonable interest rates and long terms.
Bahia ranks 7th in the ranking of milk producing states, corresponding to 2.6% of national production, and has the largest herd in the Northeast Region, with 1,170,953 heads being dairy cows that produce each, around 561 liters per year. In addition, the state is favored by the large extension of its area for herd breeding, which makes Bahia the largest milk producer in the Northeast, accounting for 40% of the total production in the region, according to data from the Union of Dairy Industries and Products Derived from Milk (Sindileite).
With great potential for the milk business, Bahia processes 50 million liters per year annually, with processing capacity in the seven dairies with inspection service installed. In addition, the state has about four thousand producers who deliver the milk in inspected dairy products. The other advantage of the state is the large grain crop that acts as a major factor driving dairy production that generates feed ingredients, as evidenced in other states of the country.
In the municipality of Jaborandi, in western Bahia, Leitíssimo produces milk with modern technology and management and management system brought from New Zealand.
> BIRD PRODUCTION
Bahia recorded a total of 28.2 million chickens slaughtered in 2017, which represented an increase of 11.9% over last year. In terms of egg production, the state reached 11.7 million dozen, an increase of 4.9%. Among the advantages and opportunities of poultry farming in Bahia are the availability of grains, a growing consumer market, favorable climatic conditions, and the implementation of an industrial park for equipment, facilities and machinery.
> WEST REGION OF BAHIA
It encompasses the major grain-producing municipalities: Barreiras, Luís Eduardo Magalhães and São Desidério. This region has emerged as a major agribusiness power through soybean, corn and cotton crops – already consolidated with the application of state-of-the-art technology from planting to harvesting.
> REGION OF THE SÃO FRANCISCO VALLEY
Strengthened by irrigation and fertile soil, the São Francisco Valley stands out as a major fruit-growing pole and the most important fruit-growing center in Brazil, with emphasis on the production of mango and table grapes. The region is the only one in the world capable of producing five grape harvests in two years, due to its natural characteristics such as luminosity, humidity and water availability. It has varieties of grapes with proven qualities for wine production, making it the second wine cellar in Brazil, with great potential for growth. (SEAGRI, 2017)
This region generates a turnover of R $ 2 billion per year currently in the 120 thousand irrigated hectares that cover the irrigated perimeters, where more than one million tons of fruit are produced annually. Other crops are also featured as guava, green coconut, melon, watermelon, acerola, passion fruit, and banana. In Bahia, the following municipalities are part of the São Francisco Valley: Juazeiro, Sento Sé, Casa Nova, Curaçá, Rodelas, Glória, Paulo Afonso. Already irrigated perimeters are in the municipalities of Curaçá, Maniçoba, Mandacaru, Tourão, Salitre 1ª stage, Glória, Rodelas and Pedra Branca.
ADVANTAGES IN INVESTING
• 8th largest grain producer in the country
• Higher dairy productivity in Brazil
• National leader in mango production
• The largest cocoa producer in the country (responsible for 60% of production)
• Important pole of production of gourmet chocolate
• Largest livestock herd in the Northeast
• Production of quality coffee and 4th largest domestic producer
• There are two or more crops a year;
• Water resources for irrigation;
• Poles of production already consolidated and structured for export;
• High productivity indexes in irrigated areas, with post-harvest structure;
• Certifications of conformity adopted by world markets;
• Opportunity for agroindustrialization of its fruitful matrix.
MAIN COMPANIES INSTALLED
WHERE THE SECTOR IS PRESENT
See the map below where the sector is predominant in the state.