Bahia has a vast mineral potential to be explored.
OVERVIEW OF THE SECTOR
Fifth Brazilian state in the national ranking of mineral goods and owner of the greatest mineral diversity of the country, Bahia is one of the most promising states in the mining sector. It has a vast potential to be explored. There are more than 46 mineral assets in a territory covered 100% by aerial geophysical mapping and 100% by geological mapping which, according to DNPM data – National Department of Mineral Production – places the state as the first in the country in requests for mineral research area , especially mineral commodities. This sector represents 4% of Brazilian mineral production and accounts for 1.4% of Bahia’s GDP.
In addition, it is a national leader in the production of chromium, uranium, magnesite, talc, diatomite, quartz, kimberlite diamond, salgema and vanadium. It houses about 367 mining companies responsible for about 15 thousand jobs.
To manage and exploit all of this equity, the state decided to elaborate its Mineral Policy, aiming to support and encourage actions in the promotion and attraction of investments for the sector. The mineral policy adopted by Bahia is geared towards the discovery of new deposits and deposits, as well as the diagnosis of the state’s mineral potential, technological development and the implementation of road and energy infrastructure that will enable private ventures in the sector.
The Baiana Mineral Research Company (CBPM) is a government company dedicated to the geological knowledge of the state and the disclosure, through prospects, of the economic exploitation of the deposits and mineral deposits discovered and studied by it, in order to transfer them to private initiative by means of public competitions. In this way, investors find greater facilities, without the risks, costs and the long time necessary for the discovery, study and legalization of a mineral deposit adequate to their business objectives.
In exports, Bahia’s foreign trade in mineral goods is mainly made up of exports of gold, nickel, ornamental stones, vanadium and magnesite, with the main destinations being the United States, China, Canada, Italy, South Korea, Finland, Switzerland , United Arab Emirates and Hong Kong.
BAIANA MINERAL PRODUCTION TRADED
Main Mining and Minerals –
Year 2017 (%)
• 2nd largest producer of bentonite;
• 3rd producer of copper, mineral water, precious stones, silver and ornamental stones;
• Production of more than 30 gemological varieties (emerald, amethyst, rutile, etc.) and sole producer of kimberlite diamonds;
• Only world producer of blue granite (Azul Bahia, Azul Macaúbas and Azul Boquira) and only state to produce the travertine marble – Bege Bahia;
• National highlight in the production of gold;
• Largest reserve of siliceous sand of high purity in Brazil, with reserves estimated at 10 million tons and special reserves for the production of glass and fiber optics.
The state has stimulated the mineral transformation in higher value-added products, counting on a policy of incentives for industrialization, access to centers of excellence for training of skilled labor and all the support necessary for the implementation of these enterprises.
For this, it counts on Universities and Technical Schools, public and private, that form professionals of superior and technical level, besides public and private technological centers that develop studies and researches for the sector.
There are private projects in implantation or implanted in the state, aimed at the economic exploitation of metallic minerals, such as: gold, copper, nickel, iron, bauxite, vanadium; (or kernels), diamonds (kimberlite), emerald, rutile, amethyst, marine water, among others. These gemstones are made of precious metals, such as magnesite, graphite, quartz sand, quartz, talc, bentonite, mineral water, ornamental stones.
>SEARCH ON RARE LANDS
• Brazil has included rare earths in the 2030 National Mining Plan as strategic for the country, which holds the largest world reserves, located between northern Rio de Janeiro and southern Bahia;
• The need for research in the territory of Bahia, which can identify, qualify and quantify its reserves, making Bahia effectively enter this market.
>EXPLORATION IN MINERAL WATER
• Aquifer potential;
• Light water and great potability.
>INVESTMENT INVESTMENT IN GRANITE SAWS
• Diversified portfolio;
• Exotic rocks and differentiated pattern;
• Bahian production exported raw or marketed for cutting in Espírito Santo;
• Excellent conditions for attracting companies (port and SPA);
• Possibility of installing a unit for the production of agglomerated and pressed products from the exploitation of the remaining stocks of the mining.
CBPM has been developing a research program to identify graphite and lithium deposits in the Bahian territory
>ATTRACTION OF INVESTMENTS FOR PRODUCTION OF TILES, SANITARY PLASTER AND TABLE SAUCE
• Bahia imports from other states about 78% of the tiles consumed and 100% of sanitary and tableware;
• Deposits of clays and other mineral inputs collected, cataloged and analyzed by CBPM for application in tile manufacturing, ceramic for coating, sanitary and tableware. The deposits are of excellent quality;
>CBPM MINING OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE FOR PARTNERSHIP WITH THE PRIVATE INITIATIVE
• Phosphate and zinc and lead deposits in the region of Irecê / Lapão;
• Caboclo dos Mangueiros: Ni + Cu + Co deposit in the municipality of Remanso and Pilão Arcado;
• Jurema Leste: Gold in the municipality of Iramaia;
• New World Zinc;
• Silica Sand of High Purity in Belmonte.
MAIN COMPANIES INSTALLED
WHERE THE SECTOR IS PRESENT
Several companies in the mining sector are based in Bahia. The highlight goes to the production of nickel in Itagibá, gold in Santa Luz and vanadium in Maracás.
See the map below where the sector is predominant in the state.