Infrastructure investments have been a priority in Bahia
The logistics infrastructure of Bahia is made up of a transport network that connects the whole country and the world, which allows and facilitates the purchase and distribution of products throughout Brazil, Mercosur, Latin America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East . It has the 2nd largest road network in Brazil; the 3rd regional airport system; three ports: Salvador, Aratu and Ilhéus, and five private maritime terminals. Its infrastructure is prepared from a strong and consolidated logistics, formed by a vast road network, railway, subway and airport, as described below
The main rail link between Bahia and the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest regions is the Centro Atlântica railroad, with access to the main ports located in the states of Bahia, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. It also connects with other railroads such as MRS, Transnordestina and Ferroban, making it possible to connect with the largest consumer centers in Brazil and Mercosur.
Bahia’s road system covers an area of 124,545 km between federal, state and municipal highways – enough roads to cover three rounds around the Earth through the Equator – and is structured around four main axes, which allow the total integration of the state with all regions of Brazil and with Mercosur, they are BR-116, BR-101, BR-324, BR-407 e BR-242.
Besides this main axis, Bahia is cut by hundreds of other federal and state roads, in permanent modernization and expansion. The BA-052 System, for example, is composed of four segments of state highways (BA-052, BA-148, BA-534, BA-160 and BA-432), totaling approximately 686.7 km in length.
Currently, BA-160 links the municipality of Xique-Xique to the east bank of the São Francisco River, in the municipality of Barra, by means of rafts.
The Salvador – Lauro de Freitas Metro System (SMSL) is composed of two lines, with an extension of about 33 km. With the extensions of Section 3 of Line 1 (Pirajá to Águas Claras / Cajazeiras) and Section 2 of Line 2 (Airport to Lauro de Freitas), it will reach 41 Km.
Currently, the subway is integrated with more than 150 (one hundred and fifty) urban bus lines and 17 (seventeen) metropolitan lines.
With one of the largest port complexes in the country, consisting of three public ports (Port of Salvador, Port of Aratu and Port of Malhado) and six terminals for private use (TUP). Bahia handled more than 34 million tons of cargo in 2016.
> SALVADOR PORT
Handling: containers, general cargo, wheat, pulp and reception of maritime cruises.
Features: 2,092 meters of dockable berths, has nine cargo warehouses and dock availability for 10 ships docking simultaneously. Average number of vessels contributed by 75 vessels / month.
Capacity: 5 million t / year.
> ARATU PORT
Handling: liquid, gaseous and solid products.
Features: simultaneously operates ores and petrochemicals. It has six berths divided into three terminals of 189, 340 and 366 meters in length.
Capacity: 6 million t / year.
> MALHADO PORT (ILHÉUS)
Handling: general cargo and solid bulk.
Characteristics: It is the main exporter of grains of Bahia and its area of influence is the South, Southwest and West Region of the State of Bahia and the North of Minas Gerais.
Capacity: 1 million t / year.
> PRIVATE PORTS
Located along the Bay of All Saints and surroundings, they move oil and oil products, vehicles, liquid bulk, vegetables and solids, among others.
In Candeias are located the ports of the companies Ford, Dow Química and Moinho Dias Branco. The terminals of Gerdau and Petrobras are located in Simões Filho and Madre de Deus, respectively. In Maragojipe, in the Recôncavo Baiano, is the terminal of the Enseada Indústria Naval.
The State Government and the Federal Government, through Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), are developing the Porto Sul Project, located in the municipality of Ilhéus. In the first phase, the outflow will be around 25 million tons / year of iron ore produced in the municipality of Caetité, 500km from Ilhéus, which will be transported through the West-East Integration Railway (FIOL).
The airport infrastructure offer in the state covers a set of 47 airports. The airport of Salvador is the first in the Northeast Region in cargo and passenger movement. The Porto Seguro airport concentrates most of its activities in the tourism sector. The airport of Ilhéus currently supports medium-sized aircraft, but with the implementation of the Porto Sul Complex, a new international airport will be built in the city. With 79 aerodromes, Bahia is the first state in Brazil to present an airport development plan.
› INTERNACIONAL AIRPORT DEP. LUIS EDUARDO MAGALHÃES
Salvador’s airport is the 8th busiest in the country. In 2016, more than 7.5 million passengers passed through the capital’s airport terminal. With a daily average of 25 thousand passengers, which at the high season reaches 35 thousand, the airport has 220 daily domestic flights and 57 international flights per week.
› INTERNACIONAL AIRPORT DE PORTO SEGURO
The Porto Seguro International Airport facilitates the arrival of investors in the Southern Region of the State. Aerolíneas Argentinas has a regular flight between Buenos Aires and Porto Seguro.
In addition, it regularly receives charter flights, in particular during holiday periods.
> ILHÉUS AIRPORT
It is the second busiest airport in the interior of the Brazilian Northeast, with capacity to serve 700 thousand passengers per year. In 2016, 576,965 passengers and 9,005 aircraft passed through the airport.
> VITÓRIA DA CONQUISTA AIRPORT
Located 3 km from the center, the airport operates with 9 weekly flights and has annual capacity to serve 30,000 passengers. Its track measures 1775 meters and receives medium-sized airplanes. A new airport is currently being built in the city that will be inaugurated in 2018 to receive large aircraft due to the large demands for flights.
> AEROPORTO DE BARREIRAS
It is located at the top of Serra da Bandeira, in the municipality of Barreiras. It is a public airport, granted to private initiative by the Government of the State of Bahia for exploration and administration. It has flights from the airlines Passaredo, Trip, Azul and Gol (Codeshare with Passaredo) to Salvador, Vitória da Conquista, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte and Ribeirão Preto.
Due to the importance of the city of Barreiras as agricultural center, economic, urban and tourist center of the western region, the airport is being expanded which will allow a greater offer of flights and passenger capacity.
Bahia is the largest producer of natural gas in the Northeast and the fifth largest in the country, with reserves of 32 billion m³, located near consumer centers. Natural gas accounts for 14.3% of the state’s energy matrix, which is part of the national pipeline network through the Gaseste Sudeste-Nordeste (Gasene) pipeline, which is 1387 km long and has a capacity of 20 million m³ / day.
Bahia Gas Company – Bahiagás, the state-owned concessionaire of piped natural gas distribution services, is one of the largest distributors in the country, with a sales volume of around 3.5 million m³ / day for more than 40 thousand customers in the industrial, automotive, commercial, residential and thermoelectric segments. The Company has a gas pipeline network of approximately 850 km for service to several regions of the state of Bahia.
The Brazilian electricity system, which is totally interconnected, is one of the most reliable in the world, based on an energy matrix whose main source is the hydroelectric plant (90%). The entity responsible for the generation and transmission of electricity in the state is CHESF, which operates eight hydroelectric plants. Despite all the solidity of the system, Bahia has a thermoelectric power generation park, operating under a backup system.
The State Electricity Company of Bahia S / A – Coelba – is the largest electricity distributor in the North-Northeast, responsible for the supply of 60% of total electric energy consumed in Bahia.